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Stress in the Russian Language
Learning Russian phonetics may be quite challenging for people who start to learn Russian. As you may know, Russian vowels are pronounced differently depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed.
Unlike in some other languages, in Russian there are no strict rules for stress position. Stress may fall on any syllable of a word – from first to last (compare to French where the stress almost always falls on the last syllable). Stress patterns are almost impossible to predict, especially for someone who has just started to learn Russian.
This online tool automatically inserts stress marks into Russian words and restores the letter "ё" in Russian text. It will save you a lot of time – you will no longer need to look up the stress position in a dictionary.
Some Russian words with the same spelling can have different meanings depending on where you put the stress. Compare: замо́к (lock) – за́мок (castle). These words are called homographs (to be more precise, heteronyms, because they are also pronounced differently). After the conversion, all possible stress positions in such words will be highlighted in red. The dictionary contains 23,376 homographs (16,609 unique spellings).
There is also a group of words in Russian that I call "fake" homographs – these are words with the letter "ё" that become homographs when spelled with the letter "е". Take the word "берёг" for example. If we spell it with the letter "е", it can be pronounced either as "бе́рег" (shore) or as "берёг" (kept). This online tool will highlight both stress positions in such words.
Registered users can choose the size of the dictionary for homographs. For that click on Show advanced options and choose Dictionary size → full. Be aware, though, that in this case the converter works more slowly.
Maximum allowed text length:
- for unregistered users – 700 characters,
- for registered users – 7,000 characters.
Note: For the correct display of the text with stress marks, make sure that you use the latest version of your web browser and choose the right encoding for this page – Unicode (UTF-8). This tool is only available online and cannot be downloaded to your computer.
Stress in Russian Words – Online Resources
- Phonetics and pronunciation glossary
- IPA Chart for Russian
- Russian Phonetic Transcription Translator
- Russian dictionaries online – Project Modelino
- PHP-yoficator – software that restores the letter "ё" in Russian words.
- Russian alphabet – Wikipedia
- Russian phonology – Wikipedia
- Homograph – Wikipedia
- Heteronym – Wikipedia
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