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Stress in the Russian Language
Learning Russian phonetics may be quite challenging for people who start to learn Russian. As you may know, Russian vowels are pronounced differently depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed.
Unlike in some other languages, in Russian there are no strict rules for stress position. Stress may fall on any syllable of a word – from first to last (compare to French where the stress almost always falls on the last syllable). Stress patterns are almost impossible to predict, especially for someone who has just started to learn Russian.
This online tool automatically inserts stress marks into Russian words and restores the letter "ё" in Russian text. It will save you a lot of time – you will no longer need to look up the stress position in a dictionary.
Some Russian words with the same spelling can have different meanings depending on where you put the stress. Compare:
замо́к (lock) за́мок (castle)
больша́я (big) бо́льшая (bigger)
These words are called homographs (to be more precise, heteronyms, because they are also pronounced differently). The tool will show you all possible stress positions in such words. The dictionary contains 23,376 homographs (16,609 unique spellings).
There is also a group of words in Russian that I call "fake" homographs – these are words with the letter "ё" that become homographs when spelled with the letter "е". Take the word "берёг" for example. If we spell it with the letter "е", it can be pronounced either as "бе́рег" (shore) or as "берёг" (was taking care). This online tool will show both stress positions in such words. Another examples:
колеса́ (wheel, genetive case) колёса (wheels)
о́зера (lake, genetive case) озёра (lakes)
There's another group of words in Russian that are also can be spelled either with the letter "ё" or with the letter "е". The stress position is the same in both words, but the meaning is different. For example:
все́ (everybody) всё (everything)
не́бо (sky) нёбо (palate)
If you choose the styling option for stressed vowels "highlight in red" the letter "ё" in such words will be highlighted in purple: всё.
By default the dictionary size is set to abridged (40,000 word forms). Registered users can also use the full dictionary. For that click on the link Show advanced options under the submit button and choose Dictionary size → full. Be aware, though, that in this case the tool works more slowly.
Maximum allowed text length:
- for unregistered users – 700 characters,
- for registered users – 7,000 characters.
Stress in Russian Words – Online Resources
- Phonetics and pronunciation glossary
- IPA Chart for Russian
- Russian Phonetic Transcription Translator
- Russian dictionaries online – Project Modelino
- PHP-yoficator – software that restores the letter "ё" in Russian words.
- Russian alphabet – Wikipedia
- Russian phonology – Wikipedia
- Homograph – Wikipedia
- Heteronym – Wikipedia
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